Have you heard of the Reggio Emilia approach to education? No? I hadn’t either until I was introduced to it by Small World Playgroup founder and director, Lindi Bell. Both my children have been fortunate enough to attend her unique and wonderful playgroup and preschool. What started out as an intimate little playgroup for about four children (one of whom was her own son) on Lindi’s lounge floor has grown into a progressive, Reggio-inspired playschool, where the idea is to let children be children and just enjoy the magic of being a child. The school, Small World Playgroup takes children from 18 months to five years of age. Read more here:
The Reggio Emilia approach originated in Northern Italy right after World War II. It was created by Lorris Malaguzzi – a teacher – together with parents who lived in the area around the town of Reggio Emilia. The number of Reggio settings grew rapidly and the reputation of the alternative approach grew stronger over the years.
During the last few years, this approach has grown in popularity all over the globe because it is particularly beneficial during the early years of a child’s education.
According to an article on the Spielgaben website, one of the key principles that you will find at any Reggio Emilia school is the fact that children have rights when it comes to their learning. Children are put at the centre of the practice by being treated as a knowledge bearer.
- Expressive arts
The Reggio approach starts from the idea that children use many different ways – one hundred languages – to express their understanding, thoughts and creativity. These different ways of thinking, exploring and learning are expressed through drawing, sculpting, music, dance and movement, painting, drama and pretend-play.
- Long-term projects
Reggio Emilia is very focused on long-term learning projects, which mean that children benefit from extensive research. These projects include real-life problem-solving techniques amongst peers, as well as opportunities for creative thinking and exploration.
- Tracking kids journeys
A massive part of the Reggio Emilia approach is documentation. It is multi-faceted, but is mainly used as a way to study children’s learning focusing on the experiences that children are involved in and the skills they are acquiring. This helps teachers assess the children’s learning and develop the curriculum from term to term.
- Relationship education
A strong network of relationships is established between the children, parents and teachers of Reggio settings to promote continuous communication between them. These key stakeholders work together to create a spirit of cooperation of knowledge. There is a strong focus on social collaboration and working in groups, where each child is an equal party. Parents may participate actively in the learning development of their children.
- The environment is the third teacher
Good planning of the environment involves the creation of new learning spaces. In the traditional Reggio approach, the classroom is generally filled with indoor plants and natural light; it opens up to a central space (the piazza), kitchens are open to view and access to the surrounding community is assured through wall-size windows and courtyards. Photographs of children’s activities and sample displays of their work are carefully positioned inside the classroom. However, these are just guiding principles, and every Reggio school is unique.
Why not give your small child time to wonder, theorise, discover and re-develop their understanding of the world, while they still can?
Click here to find a list of Reggio inspired preschools on Jozikids